Posted in 2 SBI4U Biology

SBI4U Exam Review Topics

  • atomic Lewis structures of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen atoms
  • Electronegativity and bonding – ionic, polar covalent and non-polar covalent
  • dipoles
  • Functional Groups
  • VSEPR Theory
  • Molecular Polarity – like dissolves like
  • Intermolecular Forces
  • anabolic & catabolic reactions
  • carbohydrates
  • lipids
  • proteins
  • nucleic acids
  • cellular transport: diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis (tonics), active transport
  • homeostasis – components and positive and negative feedback loops
  • thermoregulation
  • kidney structure and function
  • the brain – structures and their functions
  • the nervous system – CNS vs PNS
  • action potential
  • chemical synapse
  • central dogma in general
  • mutations
  • transcription
  • mRNA processing
  • splicing
  • translation
  • DNA replication
  • gel electrophoresis
  • cycle sequencing
  • plasmids and their components
  • recombinant plasmid design (i.e. cloning)
  • CRISPR
  • mitochondrial structure
  • cellular respiration – overall chemical reaction
  • glycolysis
  • pyruvate oxidation
  • Krebs cycle
  • electron transport chain
  • substrate level phosphorylation vs oxidative phosphorylation